Here are some things I learned:
Ruhlman's Ratio- For Pizza Ruhlman's ratio is 5:3 of flour and liquid. I tried this and it was a dismal failure. The dough was heavy and dense and looked compressed and underbaked. It felt like a rock in my stomach. Gluten free flours need more liquid. I figured out the ratio for my go to crust, the one I posted here and have been using ever since. The ratio for this is 6:3:1 flour:liquid:egg This ratio is close to Ruhlman's but the addition of an egg adds the right amount of moisture to create a nice firm crust that you can pick up with your hands without being heavy and dense. For the flour I found that I like a crust with more starch than my usual flour blend so I went with 50% high protein flour (brown rice, millet, soy) and 50% starch (tapioca, potato, corn)
I knew I had a crust I liked before I started the challenge, but I wanted a go to crust that didn't use eggs. I tried a few more flour:water ratios including:
10:7 (dense and heavy)
8:7 (also excellent but I cheated and used an egg as part of the liquid)
1:1 (batter too thin)Like I said, I learned a lot...there's nothing like a good failure to get the noggin thinking!
19:16 sounds like a strange ratio, but if you multiply it by 10 grams you'll end up with an easy 18 inch pizza crust. Here's the Recipe:
Pizza Crust by Ratio
makes one 18 inch crust (or two 8 inch crusts)
190 grams gluten free flour
- 95 grams high protein flour (I used equal parts of millet, sorghum and soy but play with this using flours you like or have on hand)
- 95 grams starch (I used 70 grams tapioca and 25 grams potato starch)
1 Tablespoon yeast
1 Tablespoon sugar
2 teaspoons olive oil
1 1/2 teaspoons xanthan gum
1/2 teaspoon salt
Mix water with yeast and sugar and let proof for about 10 minutes or until nice and foamy. Combine the remaining dry ingredients in a mixing bowl. Mix well. Add the yeast mixture and olive oil slowly to the dry ingredients and mix on low until the mixture is well incorporated. Increase the speed to high and continue to mix for 4 minutes. The dough will be sticky. Cover the dough with plastic wrap and let rise for about an hour or until doubled.
After an hour preheat the oven to 450 Degrees Fahrenheit and put a pizza stone on the bottom rack of the oven. Place dough on a piece of parchment paper. Spray a second piece of parchment paper and place it on top of the dough. Use a rolling pin and with light pressure roll the dough to about an 1/8 inch thick (thicker if your prefer, but you'll need to adjust the baking times). Remove the top parchment and slide the bottom parchment with the crust onto the oven rack. Bake for 10-15 minutes or until the crust just begins to brown. Remove crust from the oven and top with your favorite toppings. Return the pizza to the oven for 10 more minutes or until the cheese is melted and crust is brown on the edges. Enjoy!